Then the virus goes dormant at the base of the skull and occasionally reactivates whenever our immunity is low. Herpes simplex type 1, most often associated with oral-facial herpes, and HSV2, the genital variety, are very similar viruses when viewed through a microscope. For many people, herpes is a minor skin condition that comes and goes without causing problems. HSV-1 is commonly found around the mouth, and is often called cold sores. HSV-2 is commonly found in the genital area, but it can be passed to the mouth through oral sex. Both types are sometimes passed to other areas of the body through skin-to-skin contact. Most commonly, herpes type 1 causes sores around the mouth and lips (sometimes called fever blisters or cold sores). HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but most cases of genital herpes are caused by herpes type 2. It is important to know that both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be spread even if sores are not present. For many people with the herpes virus, which can go through periods of being dormant, attacks (or outbreaks) can be brought on by the following conditions:.
Can someone be infected with both types of herpes viruses? I found out that I have herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) about a month and a half ago. Go to Home Page. The herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) causes oral herpes; both HSV-1 and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) cause genital herpes. While HSV-1 and HSV-2 are different viruses, they look very much the same and are treated similarly. Herpes Simplex Virus HSV-1 and HSV-2 – differences, transmission and transmissibility, genital herpes and cold sores, frequency of outbreaks. Either type of herpes virus can invade both oral genital areas of the body. After the initial outbreak, the virus moves away from the skin surface and travels along the nerve pathways to nerve roots at the base of the spine and goes into an inactive phase.
Sometimes the herpes simplex virus can spread to one or both eyes. If this happens, you can have pain, light sensitivity, discharge, and a gritty feeling in the eye. There are 2 types of sexually transmitted herpes: herpes type 1 and herpes type 2. While both herpes 1 and 2 cause the same type of painful cold sore, the key difference between the two types is recurrence risk. In a nut shell, herpes 1 on the genitals is far less likely to shed sporadically or give you recurrent cold sores and the same goes for herpes 2 in the mouth. Whether you have type 1 or type 2, oral or genital, your ass indeed has a incurable virus that you are carrying around that you are obligated to disclose. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) is the common cause of cold sores (oral herpes) around the mouth. However, through sexual activity, HSV1 can cause infections in the genital area, and HSV2 can infect the mouth area. However, people infected with both HIV and HSV are likely to have more frequent outbreaks of herpes. Their HIV viral load (see Fact Sheet 125 on viral load) usually goes up, which can make it easier to transmit HIV to others.
Giving Your Partner Herpes
Alternative Names. Genital herpes; Fever blisters; Cold sores; HSV-1; HSV-2. The virus does not multiply, but both the host cells and the virus survive. Oral herpes is easily spread by direct exposure to saliva or even from droplets in breath. About 25 of the time, recurrence does not go beyond the prodrome stage. It used to be standard to describe HSV-1 as an above-the-waist infection and HSV-2 as a below-the-belt infection but now many researchers are pointing out that it’s more appropriate to say that HSV-1 is both an orally and genitally transmitted infection while HSV-2 is a predominantly genitally transmitted infection. Herpes 1 and 2 can be contracted during vaginal, anal or oral sex. A case of either HSV-1 or HSV-2 is called genital herpes when it affects the genitals or the genital area. Because both strains of the herpes simplex virus often result in no symptoms at all, those infected do not always know they have it and unwittingly transmit it to their partner(s). Although the HSV-1 virus occasionally causes blisters in the genital area, it is usually HSV-2, also known as genital herpes, that causes sores on the penis in sexually active males and on the vulva, vagina, and cervix in sexually active females. Both types of herpes simplex virus are contagious, which means they can be passed from person to person. However, both types of HSV can infect both the mouth and the genitals. A 10-day course of oral antiviral medication is recommended.
HSV-2 and HIV-1 Transmission and Disease ProgressionConclusionsReferencesTables Table 1. However, both oral infection with HSV-2 and particularly genital infection with HSV-1 are increasingly recognized, likely as a result of oral-genital sexual practices. Often, genital reactivation may go unrecognized, because lesions are early or small, are manifesting as hypersensitive erythematous papules or late granulated lesions, or, in the case of perianal lesions or internal lesions in women, are difficult to visualize. (7) Frequent and severe recurrent oral or genital herpes can be a source of significant pain and morbidity among some HIV-1-infected persons. Both are caused by a virus that once it enters your body will never leave. Most people catch oral herpes through kissing or sharing objects that go into the mouth, such as toothbrushes or eating utensils. There are two distinct types of the virus, herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2), both of which are closely related a-herpesviruses (having a broad host range). Upon entering the body through oral or genital transmission, HSV penetrates the nerve cells (primary sensory neurons) in the lower layers of human skin tissue and replicates itself in the cell nuclei, thus destroying host cells. What are symptoms of the herpes virus? 1-800-230-PLAN. The viruses are herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Symptoms may last a few weeks and go away.
Both types of HSV spread primarily by physical contact with an infected person. Most people get HSV-2 during sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal). About 50 to 80 percent of U.S. adults carry HSV-1 (oral herpes), while 20 percent of people age 12 and older have HSV-2. Herpes Simplex Virus 1, also known as HSV-1, is transmitted by contact with saliva from an infected person. Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can and do infect either area. Cross-infection of HSV-1 and HSV-2 can occur from oral-genital contact. HSV goes to the nuclei of the cell to replicate, which will sometimes destroy the cell. Dr. Shrier, a researcher on sexually transmitted infections, goes through this kind of conversation all the time. If someone with HSV-1 performs oral sex, the receiving partner may contract genital herpes, though it is HSV-1 rather than the typical 2. Because those couples have a relationship, and if one transmits it to the other, it could be devastating to both. HSV-1 is typically oral herpes where HSV-2 is almost always in the genital region. Like oral, genital herpes is also caused by skin to skin contact and can be easily spread. 1. You could have both HSV1 and HSV2 down there (Odds are very low of this). 2. I suggest that you go get tested to see if you only have type 2, this way its better for you to prepare and talk with your partners!.