Genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus (one of the most common viruses in mankind) and in most cases causes very mild symptoms or none at all. HSV-1 and HSV-2 lesions look the same and can only be distinguished by laboratory testing. Genital herpes is caused by infection with the herpes simplex virus (HSV, usually type 2). These tests can usually confirm infection and identify which virus (HSV-1 or HSV-2) is responsible. One study examined rates of genital herpes transmission in heterosexual couples when only one partner was initially infected 1. Individuals infected with HSV I and HSV II genital infections can spread it to their sex partners. Typically, the likelihood of spreading the infection from one partner to another is highest when genital ulcers or blisters are present. HSV II is the cause of most cases of genital herpes.
Herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) is the most common cause of genital herpes. In rare cases, genital herpes can cause serious complications such as blindness, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and aseptic meningitis (inflammation of the linings of the brain). Genital herpes is an infection caused by either the Type 1 (HSV-1) or Type 2 (HSV-2) herpes simplex virus. The majority of genital herpes infections are transmitted by persons unaware that they have the infection or who are asymptomatic when transmission occurs. When residing in its site of preference, HSV-2 can change the course of marriages and devastate relationships. Most oral herpes cases are caused by HSV-1, and the majority of genital herpes cases are caused by HSV-2.
HSV-1 most often affects the mouth and lips and causes cold sores or fever blisters. But it can spread from the mouth to the genitals during oral sex. HSV type 2 (HSV-2) most often causes genital herpes. It can be spread through skin contact or through fluids from the mouth or genitals. Genital HSV-2 infections are more common in women than men. Myth: A person can only spread the herpes virus during an outbreak. Condoms reduce the risk of transmitting genital herpes, however, they do not entirely eliminate the risk. However, in some cases herpes virus type 1 can recur spontaneously in the eye, causing ocular herpes, a potentially serious infection which can lead to blindness. Herpes simplex virus type 2 is sexually transmitted and causes most cases of genital herpes, which manifests as blisters that form on the genitals and rectum, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Genocea Disease Focus Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2)
Herpes Simplex is a viral infection caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) (1). Vidal, 1873, first demonstrated the Herpes Simplex Virus to be infections caused by human inoculation (8). In rare cases the herpes simplex viruses can also cause more serious infections.