Two percent of women acquire genital HSV during pregnancy. Pregnant women with untreated genital herpes during the first or second trimester appear to have a greater than two-fold risk of preterm delivery compared with women not exposed to herpes, particularly in relation to premature rupture of membrane and early preterm delivery ( 35 wk of gestation). What if I already had genital herpes before getting pregnant? So your baby can catch herpes during the birth, from contact with the virus in or around your vagina. Infections during pregnancy may be transmitted to newborns: HSV-1 and HSV-2 may cause eye or skin lesions, meningoencephalitis, disseminated infections, or foetal malformations.
WebMD explains how to avoid getting genital herpes during pregnancy, and what to do to keep yourself and baby healthy if you already have it. A mother can infect her baby during delivery, often fatally. Women with an older herpes infection have antibodies against the virus, which help protect the baby. There are many forms of Herpes, but my article will focus on Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2. I didn’t get pregnant, and considering with whom, I was lucky enough not to catch anything. Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections, occurring in one in five women in the United States. If a primary HSV outbreak is diagnosed in pregnancy, oral antiviral treatment may be administered to help reduce the duration and severity of symptoms and viral shedding. Cesarean delivery is recommended to prevent perinatal HSV transmission in women with active genital lesions or prodromal symptoms, but it is not recommended for women with HSV lesions found only on nongenital areas, such as the back, thigh, or buttock.
Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in Pregnancy. Gianluca Straface,1 Alessia Selmin,1 Vincenzo Zanardo,1 Marco De Santis,2 Alfredo Ercoli,1 and Giovanni Scambia2. Rarely in the uterus, it occurs frequently during the transmission delivery. Under certain circumstances a pregnant woman can transmit the herpes simplex virus to her baby causing potentially deadly consequences. Find out more about genital herpes infections in pregnancy. If active HSV infection is present at the time of delivery, cesarean section should be performed. 3 Antibodies to HSV-2 have been detected in approximately 20 percent of pregnant women; however, only 5 percent report a history of symptomatic infection.4 Primary genital HSV infections during pregnancy occur at rates similar to those in nonpregnant women, and often these infections are asymptomatic.
Genital Herpes & Pregnancy: Treatments, Risks, And More
When primary HSV infection occurs during late pregnancy, there is not adequate time to develop antibodies needed to suppress viral replication before labour. Herpes during pregnancy. Cesarean section is recommended for all women in labor with active genital lesions or prodromal symptoms such as vulvar pain.