HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes, although HSV-2 is the main cause of genital herpes. HSV-2 is spread through sexual contact. Lin K. Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus via Oral Sex. Genital herpes is spread by sexual activity through skin-to-skin contact. In addition, because herpes simplex virus 1 can be passed in saliva, people should also avoid sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils with an infected person. This may be due to the increase in oral sex activity among young adults. Genital herpes isn’t typically caused by HSV-1; it’s caused by another type of the herpes simplex virus called herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) and is spread by sexual contact. But even though HSV-1 typically causes sores around the mouth and HSV-2 causes genital sores, these viruses can cause sores in either place. In addition, if you or your partner gets cold sores on the mouth, the herpes simplex virus-1 can be transmitted during oral sex and cause herpes in the genital area.
Herpes (types 1 and 2) can be transmitted through skin to skin contact, kissing, sexual intercourse, and oral sex. A person with an active oral herpes outbreak (aka cold sore ) who engages in oral sex upon their partner will in all likelihood pass the virus on to the partner’s genitals. The risk of transmission for HSV-1 from the oral to the genital area is much higher than the risk of transmission of HSV-2 from the genital to the oral area. HSV-1 is also spread by oral sexual contact and causes genital herpes. HSV-1 is often experienced as an infection of the mouth and facial area that causes cold sores. Genital herpes is transmitted through direct skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Oral herpes is most often contracted through kissing someone with a cold sore. Herpes can be transmitted even with no symptoms present.
The virus is passed directly from the affected area of skin, by direct skin to skin contact, with friction, when the virus is present. So a person with a genital infection can kiss or perform oral sex there is no risk of infecting a partner; the virus will not travel inside the body from the genitals to the mouth. It also can be transmitted through anal or oral sex. Both men and women can get genital herpes. Most cases of genital herpes are caused by HSV-2. The other type, HSV-1, mainly causes cold sores, or oral herpes. Genital herpes can be caused by either HSV-2 or HSV-1. In the past, most genital herpes cases were caused by HSV-2. Oral sex with an infected partner can transmit HSV-1 to the genital area.
Genital Herpes Transmission Risk Latency Viral Shedding