The herpes simplex virus, also known as HSV, is an infection that causes herpes. The herpes simplex virus is a contagious virus that can be passed from person to person through direct contact. Oral herpes is an infection of the lips, mouth, or gums due to the herpes simplex virus. It causes small, painful blisters commonly called cold sores or fever blisters. Herpes virus type 2 (HSV-2) most often causes genital herpes. However, sometimes HSV-2 is spread to the mouth during oral sex, causing oral herpes. Avoid direct contact with herpes sores. Oral herpes is commonly referred to as cold sores and fever blisters. Oral herpes is transmitted through direct contact between the contagious area and broken skin (a cut or break) and mucous membrane tissue (such as the mouth or genitals). A primary infection with oral herpes can be similar to a first episode of genital herpes in that pronounced symptoms occur.
For the virus that causes herpes simplex, see Herpes simplex virus. HSV-1 more commonly causes oral infections while HSV-2 more commonly causes genital infections. Genital herpes is classified as a sexually transmitted infection. Herpes is contracted through direct contact with an active lesion or body fluid of an infected person. How does genital herpes infection occur? Genital herpes can be spread through direct contact with these sores, most often during sexual activity. The herpes virus can pass through a break in your skin during vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Herpes is spread by direct skin to skin contact. Unlike a flu virus that you can get through the air, herpes spreads by direct contact, that is, directly from the site of infection to the site of contact. For example, if you have a cold sore and kiss someone, you can transfer the virus to their mouth. Similarly, if you have active genital herpes and have vaginal or anal intercourse, you can give your partner genital herpes.
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) is the common cause of cold sores (oral herpes) around the mouth. However, through sexual activity, HSV1 can cause infections in the genital area, and HSV2 can infect the mouth area. HSV infections are passed from person to person by direct contact with an infected area. HSV-1 is also spread by oral sexual contact and causes genital herpes. HSV-2 is almost always spread by sexual contact and causes genital herpes with painful lesions around the vulva, cervix, anus, and penis. Herpes is spread through contact with a skin lesion(s) or mucosa and the secretions from vagina, penis, or anus and oral fluid with someone who is infected with the virus. An infected mother can pass the virus to her baby during or after childbirth. Direct contact for a short amount of time is enough to spread the virus. Herpes is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), which has two types: HSV-1 and HSV-2. The herpes virus enters the body through the skin and mucous membranes (especially the mouth and genitals) and travels along the nerve endings to the base of the spine, where it remains by feeding off nutrients produced by the body cells. As such, the more common causes of herpes transmission are kissing, or direct skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has an active infection.
These viruses enter the body through small cuts, abrasions, or breaks in the skin or mucous membranes. Transmission of HSV-1 occurs by direct exposure to saliva or droplets formed in the breath of infected individuals. In addition, skin contact with the lesions on an infected individual can spread the disease to another individual. Herpes simplex is most easily transmitted by direct contact with a lesion or with the body fluid of an infected individual although transmission may also occur through skin-to-skin contact during periods of asymptomatic shedding. Herpes simplex is most easily transmitted by direct contact with a lesion or with the body fluid of an infected individual although transmission may also occur through skin-to-skin contact during periods of asymptomatic shedding. Prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections varies throughout the world with poor hygiene, overcrowding, lower socioeconomic status, and birth in an undeveloped country identified as risk factors associated with increased HSV-1 childhood infection. When someone gets infected with HSV-1, the virus makes its way through the skin and into a group of nerve cells called a ganglion (pronounced: GANG-glee-in). The virus spreads through direct contact. In the newborn, herpes viruses cause severe infections along with brain, lung, and liver disease as well as skin and eye sores. It can be spread from one child to another or from parent to child through direct contact with a herpes sore or by contact with the saliva of someone with the infection (eg, through kissing). The genital form of the infection is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Oral herpes is easily spread by direct exposure to saliva or even from droplets in breath. Genital Herpes vs Cold Sores There are at least nine viruses in the Herpes family that cause infection in humans. Herpes is spread through direct contact.
Herpes Simplex (cold Sores And Genital Herpes)
Herpes viral infections are extremely contagious (spread by touch). Herpes is transmitted by direct contact with a lesion or the body fluid of an infected individual, especially just before or during an outbreak, when viral shedding occurs. Transmission can also occur through skin-to-skin contact during viral shedding, even if the host is symptom-free. Rugby players also commonly pass along HSV-1 through close physical contact during matches, with the blisters nicknamed scrum pox. Both types can spread when someone comes into direct contact with an infected person s skin or saliva.