Herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that any sexually active person can get. The viruses are called herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2. Fluids found in a herpes sore carry the virus, and contact with those fluids can cause infection. HSV-1 can also be spread from the mouth to the genitals through oral sex. For the virus that causes herpes simplex, see Herpes simplex virus. Genital herpes, often simply known as herpes, may have minimal symptoms or form blisters that break open and result in small ulcers. HSV-1 more commonly causes oral infections while HSV-2 more commonly causes genital infections. Common infection of the skin or mucosa may affect the face and mouth (orofacial herpes), genitalia (genital herpes), or hands (herpetic whitlow). Learn about genital herpes causes (HSV-1, HSV-2), symptoms, signs, information and treatment. Get the facts about this common STD caused by the herpes simplex virus. Genital herpes is a common and highly contagious infection usually spread through sex.
Oral herpes is a common infection of the mouth area. It is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). You can spread the virus to the genitals. Genital herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs; Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which shows as blisters or sores on the genitals. This is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Type I is more common on the mouth (cold sores) and HSV Type II on the genitals, but both viruses can infect the mouth and genital area.
This is the most common manifestation of recurrent HSV-1 infection. The major morbidity of genital herpes is due to its frequent reactivation rate. In one study, 90 of patients reactivated within the first 12 months. There are two main types of herpes simplex virus (HSV); type 1, which is mainly associated with facial infections and type 2, which is mainly genital, although there is considerable overlap. Often people refer only to HSV-2 when discussing genital herpes, but both types can cause infection in the genital area. Thus, sexual contact, including oro-genital contact, is the most common way to transmit genital HSV infection. Genital herpes is an infection caused by either the Type 1 (HSV-1) or Type 2 (HSV-2) herpes simplex virus.